Monthly Archives: September 2010

The Gestalt Principles


Similarity: We tend to put things that looks similar in to a group

Continuation: When the eye is lead from one spot to another

Proximity: Our eyes will perceive things that are placed closer to each other as a group

Closure: Occurs when the object of the figure is incomplete, our eyes still can perceive as what it is

Figure/Ground: the relationship between the positive and negative space. Our eyes identify objects according to the object’s surroundings. The figure is the foreground, and the ground is the background.

The Gestalt Theory

Proximity: objects that are close together tend to group themselves together

Similarity: similar objects that are close also tend to form a group

Continuance: it is the idea that the eyes continues at a distance until something significant disrupts the flow

Closure: when an object or space is not completely enclosed, the enough shape indicated, one would tend to perceive it whole without the missing space.

Figure ground: how form (ground) relates to the format (ground)

Gestalt Examples and Explanations

Closure: When our minds perceive a complete image/form even when some of the pieces of that image/form are missing.

Proximity: When shapes/forms are placed near each other our minds tend to perceive them as a group.

Figure/Ground: The mind differentiates an object from the area around it (negative space).

Continuance: When the eye is lead from one object off the page or from one object to another object.

Similarity: When objects look similar and have a similar form the mind will group them.

-Zoe Katleman